Zodiac - Capricorn

Astronomy Mythology Astrology

The Astronomy of capricorn capricorn star chart

Capricorn is one of 12 constellations that lie on the ecliptic, known jointly as the Zodiac. It is located between Sagittarius and Aquarius on the ecliptic, and is also bounded to the north and south by Aquila and Piscis Austrinus.

It has a Right Ascension (RA) of 21 hours, and a Declination (Dec) of -20 degrees. (RA is the sky's equivalent of Longtitude, and Dec is equivalent to Latitude).

It is most visible in summer, particularly during early August which is when it is at it's highest in the sky.

It can be found just above the southern horizon, almost directly opposite the Plough (aka the Big Dipper, or Ursa Major), but as the least bright constellation in the zodiac it is difficult to identify.

The 'Tropic of Capricorn' is the latitude at which the sun appears directly overhead at noon on the winter solstice. At the time the zodiac was being finalised, this occured while the sun was in Capricorn, hence it's name. Due to the precession of the equinoxes, the sun is actually in Sagittarius at this time.

The brightest of the stars (alpha Capricornus) is actually a visual double. This is where 2 stars that are completely unrelated to each other appear to be almost directly in line, with the 2 just far enough apart to be able to see them on a clear night, and with either good eyesight of binoculars. Coincidentally, each of the 2 stars is actually a genuine binary, so what appears at first glance to be a single star is actually 4 stars.

The Mythology of capricorn Old star chart

The original depiction of Capricorn was from the Sumerians and Babylonians, who liked amphibious creatures in general.

Although Capricorn is depicted as a creature with the head and body of a goat, and with the tail of a fish, the Greeks associated it with the god Pan, who normally has the head and body of a man with the legs and horns of a goat. It is said that Pan came to the rescue of the gods on 2 occasions, both of which help with the 'fishy' association. On the first occasion, he either blew on a conch shell to scare off the enemy, or he hurled shellfish at the enemy - depending on whether you follow the account of Eratosthenes or Hyginus. On the second occasion, he warned of the approach of the monster Typhon, and suggested that they all disuise themselves as animals in order to elude the monster. Pan himself escaped to a river, turning his upper body into a goat, and the lower part of his body into a fish.

The Astrology of capricorn Capricorn characteristics

Ruling planet is Saturn
Metal: Lead
Fortunate stones: Onyx for Capricorn Jet for Saturn
Colour of choice for Capricorn is Brown
Lucky numbers: 3 for Capricorn 8 for Saturn
Lucky day: Saturday
Trees: Pine, Cypress Yew
Element: Earth

Traditional Capricorn Qualities: Practical, patient, disciplined, prudent, responsible, methodical, wise, dedicated, polite, honest, dependable, ambitious, careful, humorous and reserved.
Shadow side Pessimistic, fatalistic, unfeeling, calculating, miserly, and grudging

The Sun enters the Zodiacal Sign of Capricorn around December 21st, but it does not come into full power until about December 27th. People born between December 21st - 27th are also influenced to some extent by Sagittarius, from the 27th onwards Capricorn is in full strength until January 20th. Over the following seven days Capricorn gradually loses its strength on account of becoming overlapped by incoming sign Aquarius. This should be taken into account when character and fortune are being estimated. Capricorn is an earthy sign and it is ruled by the restraining and disciplinary planet SATURN, characteristics of Saturn are that of organisation, order, discipline and hard work. Capricorn is often associated with the Greek myth of the goat Amalthea. The symbol of Capricorn is the goat, an animal that is often seen climbing effortlessly up and along steep and rocky cliffs and mountains, little seems to deter its ability to steadfastly climb the most arduous of paths through life in order to reach the summit of their ambition or spiritual salvation. Those with the Sun in Capricorn are very grounded and focused with a realistic approach to life that can be seen no matter how dreamy the rest of the birth chart suggests. They know how to do things, and to get things done, hard work and fatigue are insignificant as all of their energy is bent towards achieving their aim.

Capricorn Characteristics:Subjects of Capricorn are stable, mostly serious, independent and solid characters with numerous exceptional qualities. They are normally confident, strong willed and calm, hardworking, unemotional, shrewd, practical, responsible, persevering, and cautious to the extreme and capable of persisting for as long as is necessary to accomplish a goal they have set for themselves. Their practical and self-contained outlook means that they naturally turn their backs upon things they deem too frivolous or extravagant, they are reserved, secretive and taciturn and rarely take anyone into their confidence. They seldom express wonderment or surprise, however they desire knowledge with a keen interest in science, philosophy and all that is ancient. They are very much concerned with things that they believe to be worthwhile, and that includes their own lives as they plan carefully to fulfill their ambitions, which often include becoming wealthy. They are very methodical in everything that they do and have a patient and undemonstrative spirit of enquiry. Capricorns want to do and be something worthwhile and need to feel useful and effective in the real world in order to be satisfied with their lives. They are economical without meanness, and able to achieve great results with minimum effort and expense. Because of their organizing ability they are able to work on several projects simultaneously. They have a great respect for authority and if they become ranking authority figures in a given situation they expect others to be equally self disciplined and to perform every task to the highest standard. They are quick to take the lead in their sphere of activity, which is often accepted unquestionably since their absolute faith in their own abilities is quickly communicated to others. If they are forced to work under another's authority they soon become morose and critical. Capricorn possesses a stronger need for recognition in a worldly sense, their strong sense of society and its framework means that they feel most secure when they are doing their part within that framework. Capricorns have foresight and often plan for it, they are not against taking things slowly and surefooted to the top of the mountain since they absolutely aim to get there. Sometimes they can be a bit of a loner, reserved or even standoffish. This is usually because they value all things practical, and they'll seldom wear their emotions on their sleeves, unless they have a particularly flamboyant Moon sign. Capricorn is the most resourceful of the zodiac, however, despite being strongly material, most are idealistic at heart to the extent where even their own interests may suffer in their quest to back what may be a hopeless or unpopular cause. Their intellects are sometimes very subtle and they can be surprisingly witty, having mastered the art of making people laugh their sense of humor can be of the deadpan variety, they're generally excellent at keeping a straight face. They can be bitingly sarcastic too, and they delight in debate in which they can show off their cleverness, they think profoundly and deeply, thoroughly exploring all possibilities before deciding on a 'safe' alternative, and may have an interest in the occult which persists in spite of their naturally skeptical turn of mind. Capricorns may come across as unimaginative, however they are enormously creative when it comes to the material world. In general, they are very capable people with a strong sense of tradition and responsibility. Capricorn friends are usually very reliable and excellent for when you need to really get things done. Their practical advice and organizational skills can often assist in managing your life a little better. Capricorns are generally good with their word dependable, and rather loyal people.

Professions and Occupations: They are methodical and reliable workers in almost any profession they undertake and often finish most projects started by others and quickly become the backbone of any company they work for. They are fitted by their prudence, tact and extreme caution to be diplomats and negotiators in any delicate business matter. They make resourceful, determined managers and set high standards for themselves and others. They strive always for honesty in their criticism of self and discipline from others. They have the stamina and determination, practical ability and tenacity to persist against personal hardship, putting their families and/or their work before their own needs and welfare to reach their objectives long after others have given up.They are fair as well as demanding, however they are not always pleasant to work with since they are reserved, conservative and value tradition more than innovation. Their occupations can include most professions involving money and calculations and they are strongly attracted to music. They can be economists, financiers, bankers, speculators, editors, actors, detectives, officials, especially within the government, contractors, managers and estate agents. They make efficient bureaucrats, especially where projects demanding long-term planning and working are concerned, and their skill in debate and love of dialectic make them good politicians. They excel as teachers, especially at the head of educational establishments where they have the authority to manage and organize without too much intimacy with the staff members. The wit and flippancy which is characteristic of certain Capricornians may make some turn to entertainment as a career. If working with their hands, they can become practical scientists, engineers, farmers and builders and are very successful as architects or plumbers.

Psychology: There is a tendency to pessimism, melancholy, depression and even unhappiness which many Capricornians are unable to keep to themselves, especially if they fail personally. This is perhaps the worst enemy of subjects of Capricorn since it may colour every thought and action and result in the most wretched, subconsciously buried misery that may require professional help if such emotions become frequent. Meditation for purposes of gathering the strength to control such inner emotions is a good option. Saturn is largely a fear-based planet and subjects of Capricorn are ever aware of troubles to be averted, prevented or overcome. Once having learned how to calm the influence of Saturn, inhibition and self-control is replaced by meditation and implementing suitable daily routines that allow for a greater Spiritual awakening to unfold; as subjects of Capricorn are perfectly able to thrive in isolation and work through their salvation. They are well aware of their limitations and devote much of their time trying to control things that could go wrong. Thus, a calculating and controlling mentality can be observed as Saturn makes them experts at persevering through difficulties and learning from their mistakes. The concerns of family and adequately providing for their family are a large part of the Capricorn psyche. This will generally make them take on a high level of responsibility.

Relationships: Subjects of Capricorn make excellent friends as they are capable of deep and passionate affection. In their personal relationships they are often uneasy or downright unhappy. They tend towards being self-centered but not excessively so and they are wary and cautious around people they do not know very well, if they leave others well alone then in turn others will not interfere with them, thus they tend to attract people who do not understand them. An early marriage is likely to result in failure and they may often experience vulnerability in relationships and with others in general. The necessary compromise in relationships is especially hard for them as shown by the Moon as 7th lord. They sometimes dislike the opposite sex and test the waters of affection gingerly while judging carefully if all is well to proceed. Many domestic troubles can be avoided if they learn to cultivate good humor and cheerfulness. They may assert a lot of self control and discipline or engage in power plays by assuming a domineering role. They may even obsess sexually to compensate for this weakness and may also force the relationship into a sphere where money becomes important. The 8th house is a house of death, sex, obsession, but mainly a house of power and self-preservation. Once married, however, they are faithful, though inclined to jealousy and most Capricornians marry for life.

Possible Health Concerns. Subjects of Capricorn tend to be weak and often ill during childhood, however health during their adult lives tends to be reasonably good. Capricorn governs the knees, bones and skin, so its subjects may be liable to fractures and strains of the knees and other defects of the legs. Skin diseases from rashes to boils and digestive upsets may be caused by the tendency of Capricorns to worry or suppress emotions. Anemia, Bright's disease, catarrh, deafness, earache, constipation and toothache, rheumatism and rickets are also possible ailments. Above all subjects of capricorn should guard against anxiety and depression as this complaint is often induced by worry and introspection.

Potential problems and suggested solutions: Subjects of Capricorn who find themselves on the receiving end of negatives will find greater peace when they express the positive. All Earth signs have unique traits to their personalities, when these traits are suppressed, or unrealized, problems will arise. By examining the problem we can assess the proper solution according to the Earth signs unique characteristics. Subjects of Capricorn who find themselves on the receiving end of negatives will find greater peace when they express the positive. Examine the kind of causes that you have been defending, how important are they and could you have made wiser choices. You make a good authority figure, however you will do far better not to act like it when working in tandem with another as an equal. Try make plans that have adequate time for accomplishment, pace yourself in order to make life a little less stressful.

The Star-stone for Capricorn is the Onyx. Onyx is a type of agate (cryptocrystaline Quartz) it is recognized by its alternating, parallel bands of black and white and it is used for the carving of cameos. If red it's carnelian-onyx, if brown it is sardonyx, and if the second layer is of the pale shades that characterizes common chalcedony it is called chalcedony-onyx. Pure black Onyx is dyed, agate is frequently dyed purple, green, blue,etc.

Famous Capricorns include Rudyard Kiping, Tiger Woods, Howard Hughes, Isaac Newton, J R R Tolkein and Nostradamus.

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